By Elisabet Engdahl (auth.)
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Additional info for Constituent Questions: The Syntax and Semantics of Questions with Special Reference to Swedish
40) Every Englishman admires a woman, (a) namely his mother (b) namely the Queen In order to get both readings, Montague in PTQ gave this kind of sentence two distinct syntactic derivations. On one derivation, the meaning of admire combines directly with the meaning of a woman, which gives us the narrow scope reading, compatible with the continuation given in (40a). On the other derivation, the meaning of admire first combines with the meaning of a subscripted pronoun, himo, which acts as a variable over expressions of the language.
The phrase-structure rules introduce syntactic categories which are structured sets of a finite number of syntactic features (cf. Gazdar and Pullum (1982), and Gazdar et al. (to appear» for the formal theory of features assumed in GPSG). g. Chomsky (1970), Bresnan (1976), Jackendoff (1977), and 20 CHAPTER II McCloskey (1979). What is new in GPSG is that features can take syntactic categories as values. (9) gives an illustration of a syntactic cate gory, in this case a noun phrase. (9) Feature N V BAR PER NUMB SLASH NUL Value + 2 3 1 [B~R ;] The features are subject to different instantiatIOn conventions such as the Head Feature Convention.
We can now form a binding operator from *, which we represent as *i for any natural number i. The interpretation of the gap will thus be a pronoun interpretation, dependent on the ith member in the sequence of individuals with the binding operation *i in store. Since we want every man to act as a binding operator for him, we store its interpretation, and insert a placeholding variable, [(Tg]. When we interpret the interrogative determiners whose, we store a WH binding operator, WH7 whose index matches the index on the variable used in the representation of the denotation, [(T7]' In order to get the question meaning at the Q node, we perform a substitution of the interpretation of the interrogative phrase (viii) for the gap interpretation (i) in the interpretation of the sentence (iv).
Constituent Questions: The Syntax and Semantics of Questions with Special Reference to Swedish by Elisabet Engdahl (auth.)
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