By Özlem Öz (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230512461

ISBN-13: 9780230512467

ISBN-10: 1349518425

ISBN-13: 9781349518425

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The parts played by the social situation, trust and politics This perspective is concerned with social, cultural and institutional influences on the competitiveness of clusters. Brusco (1996), for instance, argues that the importance of knowledge accumulation exceeds that of capital accumulation. According to him, two types of knowledge are of particular importance in this respect; namely codified knowledge (scientific and technical knowledge in scientific journals, technical reviews and textbooks, whose conventions and language are universal and known to the scientific community) and local or tacit knowledge (embedded in the minds, imagination and skill of people who live side by side and swap news and experiences when working together).

The transaction costs approach has brought additional insights in this regard. According to some researchers (for example Storper, 1999), agglomeration is the result of efforts to minimize transaction costs. Specifically, the assertion that vertical integration has transaction cost advantages over the market form is challenged by the cluster approach since clusters are seen as having an organizational form that lies in between markets and hierarchies, given that some disadvantages of the market form are diminished by geographic proximity.

Following the institutional perspective, he examines two locales with similar socioeconomic but different political structures: the ‘red’ Valdelsa (furniture and glass) and the ‘white’ Bassano (shoemaking). The results of Triglia’s research show that not only social components such as the extended family and the local community, but also specific political components such as industrial relations and the activities of governments in respect of the Catholic and communist subcultures have played a part in the continuing competitive success of the clusters studied.

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Clusters and Competitive Advantage: The Turkish Experience by Özlem Öz (auth.)

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