By Liba Taub
В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:
By Duward F. Shriver, M. A. Drezdzon
Revised to mirror the continued and transforming into value of analysis and improvement inside of this box, The Manipulation of Air-Sensitive Compounds, 2d variation deals cutting-edge equipment utilized in dealing with air-sensitive compounds, together with gases. half One covers inert surroundings innovations, whereas half treats vacuum line suggestions. Appendixes offer defense facts, info on fabrics used to build equipment, and a desk of vapor pressures of universal unstable components.
By Kuo-Nan Liou, Ping Yang
This study quantity outlines the medical foundations which are crucial to our present realizing of sunshine scattering, absorption and polarization techniques concerning ice crystals. It additionally demonstrates how facts from satellite tv for pc distant sensing of cirrus clouds could be mixed with radiation parameterizations in weather types to estimate the position of those clouds in temperature and precipitation responses to weather switch. supplying a balanced therapy of the basics and functions, this booklet synthesizes the authors' personal paintings, in addition to that of different major researchers during this quarter. a variety of illustrations are incorporated, together with three-d schematics, to supply a concise dialogue of the topic and permit effortless visualization of the major thoughts. This e-book is meant for energetic researchers and complicated graduate scholars in atmospheric technology, climatology, and distant sensing, in addition to students in similar fields equivalent to ice microphysics, electromagnetic wave propagation, geometric optics, radiative move and cloud-climate interactions.
By Michael McKernan
The tale of drought, advised during the eyes of people that have lived via droughts over the greater than two hundred years of eu payment - a narrative of creativity, patience and agony.
By Eileen Crist, Visit Amazon's H. Bruce Rinker Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, H. Bruce Rinker, , Bill McKibben
Gaian conception, which holds that Earth's actual and organic methods are inextricably certain to shape a self-regulating approach, is extra appropriate than ever in mild of accelerating issues approximately worldwide weather switch. The Gaian paradigm of Earth as a residing process, first articulated through James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis within the Nineteen Seventies, has encouraged a burgeoning physique of researchers operating throughout disciplines that diversity from physics and biology to philosophy and politics. Gaia in Turmoil displays this disciplinary richness and highbrow variety, with contributions (including essays by means of either Lovelock and Margulis) that process the subject from a wide selection of views, discussing not just Gaian technological know-how but additionally international environmental difficulties and Gaian ethics and education.
participants concentration first at the technology of Gaia, contemplating such subject matters because the workings of the biosphere, the planet's water provide, and evolution; then talk about Gaian views on international environmental switch, together with biodiversity destruction and international warming; and eventually discover the impact of Gaia on environmental coverage, ethics, politics, expertise, economics, and education.
Gaia in Turmoil breaks new flooring by way of concentrating on international ecological difficulties from the views of Gaian technology and data, focusing specifically at the demanding situations of weather swap and biodiversity destruction.
Contributors: David Abram, Donald Aitken, Connie Barlow, J. Baird Callicott, Bruce Clarke, Eileen Crist, Tim Foresman, Stephan Harding, Barbara Harwood, Tim Lenton, Eugene Linden, Karen Litfin, James Lovelock, Lynn Margulis, invoice McKibben, Martin Ogle, H. Bruce Rinker, Mitchell Thomashow, Tyler Volk, Hywel Williams
By Clive D Rodgers
Distant sounding of the ambience has proved to be a fruitful approach to acquiring international information regarding the atmospheres of the earth and planets. This publication treats the inverse challenge of distant sounding comprehensively, and discusses a variety of retrieval equipment for extracting atmospheric parameters of curiosity from the amounts similar to thermal emission that may be measured remotely. Inverse thought is taken care of intensive from an estimation-theory standpoint, yet sensible questions also are emphasised, for instance designing staring at platforms to acquire the utmost volume of knowledge, effective numerical implementation of algorithms for processing of enormous amounts of knowledge, blunders research and ways to the validation of the ensuing retrievals, The publication is concentrated at either graduate scholars and dealing scientists.
By John D. Cox
Weather Crash is a superb ebook that exhibits that weather is much extra volatile than traditional knowledge concept attainable, with our planet's weather tending in the direction of both particularly warm or very chilly. the newest 10,000 years, within which people realized to develop their very own nutrition, has been one among strange balance. This lengthy strong weather has created a attitude that fools us into considering weather can't swap in a short time in an entire life.
Using glacial ice cores and ocean sediment cores, paleo-climatologists have developed a weather historical past that's whatever yet solid. i used to be watching for this publication to have extra on what international warming might do to society sooner or later, yet many of the ebook is squarely set within the confirmed previous. despite the fact that, as historians wish to say "past is prologue", which means we will be able to count on destiny weather to alter really quick. probably, the switch could be one in all severe warming as a result of optimistic suggestions cycles taken with a hotter global turning into hotter for various purposes (melting ice caps divulge extra open ocean, which in flip heats up speedier than ice caps).
Not quite a world warming ebook, yet a superb publication on weather switch some time past and what it could actually portend for weather switch sooner or later.
By James Rodger Fleming
This is the untold tale of the notable scientist who validated the carbon dioxide concept of weather swap. man Stewart Callendar found that worldwide warming might be caused via raises within the focus of atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of human actions, essentially via burning fossil fuels. He did this in 1938! utilizing never-before-published unique medical correspondence, notebooks, relatives letters, and images, technology historian James Rodger Fleming introduces us to at least one of Britain’s best engineers and explains his lifestyles and paintings via international Wars to his carrying on with legacy because the scientist who confirmed The Callendar Effect.
By Jack Challoner
New glance! Relaunched with new jackets and eight pages of recent textual content! here's a dramatic and compelling consultant to nature’s most threatening and harmful forces. beautiful full-color pictures, versions and illustrations provide a distinct "eyewitness" view of catastrophic climatic conditions. See into the attention of a spiraling cyclone, hailstones the dimensions of tennis balls, a striking lightning ball, the devastating results of the El Nino phenomenon, and the way a gradual mountain movement can turn into a raging torrent inside of a couple of minutes. examine the suggestions constructed during the centuries to forecast climate, in regards to the bird that used to be stripped of its feathers by way of a twister, approximately Benjamin Franklin’s lightning rod, and why human task may cause climate styles to alter. realize what motives immense waves in a position to engulfing whole towns, the disastrous effects of drought, how vegetation and animals have tailored to resist severe stipulations, the elements styles past Earth, and lots more and plenty, even more.
By Brian Dawson
For a person attempting to separate the actual fact from the fiction, The whole advisor to weather swap is an fundamental source. Taking you thru the A to Z of the foremost medical, geographical and socio-political concerns fascinated with the research of our surroundings and the consequences of mankind’s impression upon it, issues coated include:
Environmental technological know-how – the Carbon Cycle and the "Greenhouse Gases"
The affects of weather switch on existence, land and sea
Mitigation innovations from carbon trap to carbon taxes
The Kyoto Protocol and UNFCC
Renewable gasoline resources, from wind to sunlight power
Including publications to the newest clinical and governmental considering on weather switch, this booklet will let you know all you must learn about possibly the most important factor dealing with mankind today.