By Mark Lardas

ISBN-10: 1780961324

ISBN-13: 9781780961323

Within the Age of scuffling with Sail (1650-1820), bold officials of the navies of many countries sought command of a frigate. fast, nimble and formidably armed, frigates frequently operated independently, not like the bigger ships of the road. mythical sailors reminiscent of Edward Pellew and Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand, Comte de Linoise, discovered that commanding this type of send provided quite a few possibilities for wealth - within the kind of prize funds paid out for captured enemy vessels - and, much more importantly, status and promoting for captains who prevailed within the a number of single-ship duels that characterised frigate struggle. in the course of within the innovative and Napoleonic Wars either nice Britain and France hired frigates to accomplish their maritime targets: to perpetuate its supremacy the Royal army had to be robust all over the place, whereas the French army targeted its efforts on deploying unmarried frigates or small frigate squadrons to explore for vulnerable issues within the British mastery of the seas. among 1793, while HMS Nymphe fought and captured the French frigate los angeles Cléopâtre, and the 1814 conflict among HMS Hebrus and L'Étoile British and French frigates met and fought in over a hundred battles. of those no fewer than 32 have been natural frigate duels, with a couple of frigates struggling with with no the interference of one other significant warship sooner than the conflict ended. consciousness and romance hooked up to those clashes, either on the time and correct as much as the current day; literary characters akin to Horatio Hornblower and Jack Aubrey have perpetuated the legend of those lively battles at the excessive seas for successive generations. during this e-book, 4 consultant frigate duels are tested: first, a conflict fought among heavily matched ships (HMS Nymphe (36) vs los angeles Cléopâtre (32), 18 June 1793); moment, a victory received by way of an inferior British frigate over a great French frigate (HMS Pallas (32) vs Minerve (40), 14 might 1806); 3rd, a victory - the one one - by means of an inferior French frigate over an effective British frigate (HMS Ambuscade (32) vs Baïonnaise (24), 14 December 1798), and fourth, victory of an excellent British frigate over an inferior French frigate (HMS Indefatigable (44) of Hornblower popularity vs los angeles Virginie (40), 21 April 1796). that includes in particular commissioned art and supplying specialist research, this research presents a shiny account of the bloody combats fought by means of the main romantic warship of the progressive and Napoleonic period - the frigate.

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The loss of the helm, combined with the loss of the steering sails on the mizzen mast, renders Cléopâtre uncontrollable. Pellew’s foe is also leaderless as a result of the broadside, something that Pellew would not know directly but which he could infer from the disorganization that he observes on the French frigate. In a few minutes, Cléopâtre will turn towards Nymphe and, driven by the wind, strike Nymphe amidships. In the meantime, Pellew continues to have his ship pour a rapid and disciplined cannonade into the hapless Cléopâtre.

By the 20th, Pellew’s squadron was down to three ships: Indefatigable and the two 36-gun frigates, Amazon and Concorde. Révolutionnaire had taken its prize to Britain, and Argo, a 44-gun two-decker, had gone to Plymouth to reprovision. The three frigates had weathered The Lizard, a peninsula of Cornwall, when a strange sail was sighted. Indefatigable ran up the private signal, a combination of signal flags to be answered by a different combination by the challenged ship. A British warship, with its signal book, would know the challenge and response.

On 28 April, while commanding Pelican, he fought three French privateers off Brittany and drove them ashore. He was promoted to post-captain and appointed to Artois, a 40-gun 18-pdr frigate. After less than a month in command of Artois he captured a large frigate-built French privateer. com As the French war dragged on, fewer British mariners volunteered (naval service appeared to be becoming a life sentence rather than a three-year affair) and impressment yielded too few bodies. In 1795 Parliament passed the Quota Act, requiring counties to deliver a quota of men annually to the Royal Navy.

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British Frigate vs French Frigate: 1793-1814 by Mark Lardas

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