By Ash Amin, John Tomaney
The imaginative and prescient of the unique arhitects of the eu group was once to create a Europe of financial prosperity and social concord. financial integration has come ever nearer, yet sustained progress and a discount in social disparities visible as distant as ever. This publication examines the clients for the genuine team spirit in Europe and locate that, faraway from promroting it, some of the Community's present regulations are divisive. The neo-liberal philosophy in the mean time is generating rules which favour quite filthy rich areas and significant agencies on the fee of much less favoured areas and peoples.
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Additional info for Behind the Myth of European Union: Prospects for Cohesion
Behind the myth of European Union 18 market ethos that underpins the single market. Delors also rejects the case for automatic fiscal transfers between regions. He does not believe the EU should offer guarantees of equal standards of public welfare of the type that justify inter-regional transfers in federal states such as Germany and Australia. Thus he argues for greater policy emphasis on upgrading local entrepreneurship, training efforts, environmental improvements in urban areas and local initiatives which promote innovation.
The social dimension Although attempts to add a ‘social dimension’ to European integration are long-standing, such attempts have proved more politically contested than the development of structural policy, with fewer tangible results as a consequence. Article 123 of the Treaty of Rome established the European Social Fund (ESF), which remained the EU’s main instrument of structural policy until the establishment of the ERDF in 1974. Essentially, ESF expenditure supported the conversion of skills in sectors where employment was declining, such as agriculture.
However, during the 1970s such concerns tended to be overwhelmed by the forces of recession that swept through Europe. In this context, member states have proved reluctant to give up their control over social and employment policies. Since 1979 the UK Conservative government has been portrayed as the villain of the piece in this regard, but the reality is more complicated. As Lange (1992) argues, the implacable opposition of the Conservative government to extended EU competence in the area of social policy has allowed other member states to engage in ‘cheap talk’, since they know that UK opposition to a European Social Union protects them, in some cases, from actually having to implement a serious social policy or, in other cases, give up cherished national practice.
Behind the Myth of European Union: Prospects for Cohesion by Ash Amin, John Tomaney
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