By Dana Bielec

Basic Polish presents concise factors of grammar with comparable workouts, to construct self belief in utilizing the fashionable language.

Assuming no earlier wisdom of Polish, the book’s step by step method promises an intensive grounding within the fundamentals of grammar. all the 40 devices introduces specific grammar issues. transparent and concise factors are supported through a variety of examples and workouts to permit scholars to coaching and consolidate their studying. Later devices additionally strengthen fabric taught in past ones.

Key beneficial properties include:

  • clear, obtainable format

  • many valuable language examples

  • jargon-free causes of grammar

  • abundant routines with a whole resolution key

  • notes at the Polish alphabet, pronunciation and rigidity

  • Polish-English vocabulary

  • subject index.

This moment variation has been revised to incorporate up to date examples and motives. It additionally deals 5 new appendices containing a entire precis of grammar services, suggestions on learning an inflected language, and important details on query phrases, the $64000 verbs być and mieć and perfective and imperfective verb elements.

Written through an skilled language instructor and writer, Basic Polish is the perfect advent to the buildings and expressions most generally utilized in spoken and written Polish. it really is appropriate for either autonomous use and lecture room learn.

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Additional resources for Basic Polish: A Grammar and Workbook

Sample text

Direct object of masculine ‘men’ nouns ending in -a Masculine ‘men’ nouns ending in -a like kolega, artysta, kierowca, behave as feminine in the singular, so their direct object ends in -ę. ] jest chory. My good Polish friend [subject] is ill. ]. They know my good Polish friend [direct object]. * The accusative (direct object form) of adjectives referring to singular masculine ‘alive’ nouns ends in -ego. It is the same as the genitive case which we meet in Unit 13. Exercise 1 Write the direct object form of these nouns: syn, młodzieniec, malarz, Anglik, dentysta, Tomek, nauczyciel, pies, kot, sprzedawca, mąż, chłopiec, gość, kolega, wujek, fryzjer, ojciec, uczeń.

6 Granny visits the poor child. Exercise 4 Translate. The direct object is italicised. 1 He is closing the big windows. 2 We love grey rabbits. 3 Franek remembers the old cars. 4 We know the new shops. 5 We are visiting Granny. 6 They read French books. 7 She loves the Polish houses. 8 He visits German towns. g. to wait for or to complain about. Here are some such verbs. na za czekać wait for dziękować thank for mieć czas have time for przepraszać apologise for narzekać complain about o zapraszać invite [for/to] pytać ask about patrzyć look at prosić ask for przez iść go through po ring for patrzyć look through dzwonić go for/fetch (on foot) rozmawiać speak via iść go for/fetch (by car) jechać w grać play [a game] To aid pronunciation an e can be added to the prepositions przez and w before difficult consonant groups.

Soft consonants ć, ci, ń, ni, ś, si, ź, zi, have no direct equivalent; they are softer than the nearest English sound. Two identical consonants together are said separately: An-na, lek-ki. Knowing the following rules will help you to understand spoken and written Polish. Voicing and devoicing of consonants 1 A voiced consonant is pronounced as its unvoiced equivalent: (a) At the end of a word (b) If it stands before or after an unvoiced consonant (which may be in another word). Most often occurs with b, d, w, z.

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Basic Polish: A Grammar and Workbook by Dana Bielec

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