By Francesca Rochberg
Interpretations of heavenly phenomena as symptoms of the longer term used to be a Mesopotamian culture of significant antiquity. The perform of Babylonian celestial divination, spanning a interval from ca. 1800 B.C. to Hellenistic occasions, is understood within the type of celestial omens portending the lifetime of the king and the soundness of the country. rising for the 1st time within the 5th century B.C., horoscopes replicate the applying of the right and perform of celestial divination to the lifetime of the person. this can be the 1st entire version of the extant cuneiform horoscopes--with transcription and philological and astronomical observation. it's the first examine to supply a scientific description of the records as a definable classification of Babylonian astronomical/astrological texts.
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Extra info for Babylonian Horoscopes (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society)
Obviously, the moon was no longer above the horizon at the time of birth, just before sunrise. A (computed)zodiacal lunar position is also given, as is customary in the horoscopes which quote normal star positions for the moon. 3). are found in late BabyloniannonThese expressions,and their variations,22 mathematical astronomical texts, as well as in procedures, such as ACT proceduretext 200 obv. ii 21, rev. ii 16, from Babylon. " Two other expressions are attested, which are not identical to any found in the non-mathematicalastronomicaltexts, but seem to referto the same system of dividingthe day: The first is ina ZALAG "in the last part of night/ morning" (Texts 1, 18, 20), which recalls the term GE6 ana ZALAG, mentioned above.
The Babylonian convention of writing 30 following the month name meant that day 1 fell on the "30th" day of the preceding month. This succinctly indicated that the precedingmonth was hollow, or had 29 days. The number 1 following the month name indicatedthat the previous month had 30 days, or was full. DIRI= Addaruarku intercalaryAddaru Note that the intercalarysixth month UlIlu arku , which is found in the late Babylonian astronomicaltexts, is not used, or at least is not attested, in the horoscopes.
Two other expressions are attested, which are not identical to any found in the non-mathematicalastronomicaltexts, but seem to referto the same system of dividingthe day: The first is ina ZALAG "in the last part of night/ morning" (Texts 1, 18, 20), which recalls the term GE6 ana ZALAG, mentioned above. The other is panat KUR 20 before sunrise, which seems to refer to the same time division as does ina ZALAG. 3. 212-213. v. namarulexical section. The specific sense of "dawn"used here follows that suggestedby B.
Babylonian Horoscopes (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society) by Francesca Rochberg
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